DISCLAIMER

DISCLAIMER: Vacuum tube circuits work with dangerously high voltages. Do not attempt to build circuits presented on this site if you do not have the required experience and skills to work with such voltages. I assume no responsibility whatsoever for any damage caused by the usage of my circuits.

All rights of photos and text reserved. Usage of photos or text from my blog on other websites or for any other purpose only with prior permission. If you want to use any material from my blog please contact me by email.



Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Horns for Sale

Hi!

Since I have not enough time to proceed with my large horn installation and since my two other speakers are enough, I decided to sell some of my horns. They simply take up too much space and it's a shame that they are being unused. I normally don't use my blog for blunt commercial offerings. But since these are from my private collection, I make an exception.




First up is  a pair of aluminium cast IWATA horns for 2 inch drivers. These are varnished in a metallic graphite grey by a professional car paint shop.





These are quite big and heavy. I would prefer personal pick up for these but will ship them on request.





I used these for some years in the large speaker which I had set up when I still lived in Munich.




These are very unique horns. They might benefit from some dampening on the outside to reduce the ringing of the metal I used them naked without any issues however.

Price : 2750,- Euros for the pair


Next a pair of beautiful elliptic horns made by David Haigner:




These are made from a special type of plaster. Again professionally painted with a metallic car paint. It is a silver with a slight hint of green/champagne.




They come with some adapters to reduce the opening to 2 inch:





No holes drilled into the horns or adapters yet. You need to do this yourself for mounting them.





Price: 1500,- Euros for the pair including the adapter pieces.


And finally a pair of original vintage JBL 2397 Smith horns






They come with adapters JBL 2328 (mounted to the horns) and JBL 2327







Condition is good but with some scratches and paint peeled off. Some would call that character. They had been used in various installations which left some marks.





Price 750,- Euros the pair including both pairs adapters.

All prices are negotiable within reason. Shipping cost depends on destination. Email me if interested or if you have any questions. My address can be found under the link Impressum / Contact on the left side of this page.

Best regards

Thomas

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Tube of the Month : The 958A

Hi!

So far 38 different tubes have been presented in the Tube of the Month series. 4 types have been revisited for a total of 42 posts. I like to show tubes outside of the usual mainstream. Tubes widely ignored by amplifier designers yet very suitable for audio applications. While I was contemplating about which tube to pick for this month, I thought why not something very unusual. A tube type which probably many never have seen or even heard about. When rummaging through my tube stock I came across some acorn types and thought these are definitely worth writing about. There are about a dozen different acorn tubes. Among those some interesting triodes, like the 955. But while we are at strange tubes, lets pick a directly heated one. There are two interesting DHTs among the acorns, the 957 and 958A. I chose the latter one for this post. Here is the 958A.




Acorn tubes got their name from their small size and shape which resembles that of the acorn. These tubes got introduced in the middle of the 1930ies and were already obsolete about decade later, superseded by miniature type tubes.

Acorn tubes were developed for high frequency applications. The usable frequency range of a tube is limited by several factors. Among them the size of the electrode elements and their connections which determines inductances and capacitances. Acorns had an extremely small size and the connections were brought out at the side of the glass for very short signal paths and extremely low inductances and capacitances. Some of them also had connections coming out of the top and bottom of the glass. The pinout on the left shows  plate and grid are coming out of the glass on one side, the filament connections on the other. The negative end of the filament is connected to two separate pins. One for connecting to the filament supply and the other to serve as cathode connection.

The way the pins are brought out is probably the reason why the acorn type disappeared very quickly. By inserting the tube into it's socket, force is applied to the pins like to a lever, this could easily lead to breaking of the glass. Tubes with their pins coming out at the bottom are much less critical in this regard. But if handled with care this should not be an issue in audio applications. The drawings on the right show the tiny size of these tubes. The data sheet of the 958-A also shows the typical values for the use as audio frequency amplifier. With an amplification factor of 12 combined with a plate resistance of 10kOhm this tube could serve in a line preamplifier or as input tube of a 3 stage power amplifier. Filament voltage is only 1.25V and filament current is a very low 100mA which opens up some interesting possibilities. More about that later, lets first have a look at the plate curves:





These look quite promising, let's see how an actual tube looks on the curve tracer:




That's even better looking than the data sheet curves and promises excellent linearity.

Although acorn tubes have only been produced over a short period they can still be easily found at low prices. Here some made by RCA:




They came in beautiful small boxes with the RCA 'meatball' logo:




The tubes are held in place with an internal piece of cardboard:





The RCA 958A:




The exhaust tip at the bottom:





A 958A without manufacturer marking:




The packaging is less fancy than the RCA:




Probably from ex-military stock since the tube has the military designation VT-212.







An acorn tube in comparison to a 6SN7:




While the tubes are still easy to find, the sockets are a different matter. If you find them they will most likely be quite oxidised.




A tube placed in the socket:




Despite the low filament power, it lights up nicely:




So how could this tube be used in an audio circuit? As mentioned above, the very low filament current  opens up some interesting possibilities. I already wrote a post about the filament bias concept. This could be nicely applied to the 958A without the need to dissipate a lot of power in the filament bias resistor. We could even go a step further and use my DirectPath circuit which was presented in the article about the UX201A Sound Processor. Here is that circuit adapted for the 958A:




The 100k grid to ground resistor determines the input impedance of the circuit. A quarter Watt type can be used here. The 68 Ohm filament resistor will dissipate less than 1W. A 5W type would be recommended. About 10W are converted to heat in the 1k resistor so best would be to use a 50W type for long term reliability. The output transformer can be chosen according to the gain needed and desired output impedance. For example a Lundahl LL1660 would do here, wired in 4.5:1. The PP type could be used as this can handle enough DC current. The 958A draws about 3mA. For lower output impedance LL2745 or LL1689 could be used as well. A common supply for a stereo gain stage like this would need 200mA. This is easily obtainable from a pair of TV dampers like the 25AX4 which got covered last month. This is a circuit which is truly without capacitors in the signal path. Of course the 958A could also be used with more conventional circuits. For example it could serve as input tube in an all DHT power amp. I usually use step up input transformers in such amps to be able to stay with just 2 stages and still have enough gain. The 958A could provide that gain instead, for example to drive a 26 which in turn drives a 45.




I have never build the circuit above. B+ voltage and the resistors might need some tweaking to get exact filament voltage and operating point. But that would be easy to do and as usual with such circuits, things don't need to be trimmed to super exact values. I never tried this tube so I have no experience about it's micro phonics in audio applications.




If you are going to try the 958A in this circuit or any other, I would be curious about the results and would be happy to report your findings on this blog. I have too many projects on going and will probably never get around to give this a try. It would be great if someone breadboards this and reports back.




Best regards

Thomas


Saturday, July 19, 2014

10Y Preamplifier 'Landscape Style'

Hi!

The portrait style chassis with the controls at the front and the connectors at the back receive a lot of positive feedback. Yet there are many who prefer the classic landscape chassis style. Here are some photos of a new preamp built in this format.




It shares the same basic circuit design as the recently built portrait 10Y line stages, like this one. The difference is the chassis only. This particular preamp will be used with the no compromise 6CB5A amp which was built last year.




Therefore the same wood and color scheme is applied. The PSU also got some vintage panel meters for voltage and current.




This chassis style is more cost effective than the portrait style and assembly is much easier since the entire circuit is mounted on the top plates.




Best regards

Thomas