Last year the December tube was a beam pentode designed for horizontal deflection service in TVs. So let's have a look at a similar one this year: The 12AV5.
Like the 6FW5 shown last year, the 12AV5 makes a nice pseudo triode when the screen grid is connected to the plate.
It is also available as a 6.3V heater variant (6AV5) but I only have 12,6V versions. The 12AV5 has an Octal base and no top cap. The pinout is shown on the left. It has a rather low maximum plate dissipation of 11W. So the maximum power which can be extracted from it in single ended triode service is 2-3W. These TV tubes can take some abuse and I would not be scared to run it right at the allowed limit. It would probably make a nice low cost alternative to the 45. For the complete technical specs, see the General Electric data sheet. Especially the 12,6V variant can be easily found for cheap. So no need to complain about the rising prices of NOS tubes. If you are on a budget, take a side step off the main stream. As aways let's have a look at the triode connected plate curves:
Here some 12AV5 made by Raytheon:
A nice chubby little tube.
For just 11W dissipation the plate looks massive.
Some close ups:
For examining the internal construction, this one has to die:
Removing the glass:
Clipping off the base:
Heater wire partially pulled out of the cathode sleeve:
Cathode, grids and beam forming plate:
Removing the beam plate:
Separating cathode and grids:
Screen grid, graphite coated to increase heat dissipation:
Control grid, gold plated to decrease secondary emission:
Those TV tubes were well made and produced at a time when tube manufacturing technology was very mature.
And lastly some photos of the tube in operation.